Mostly random collection of tips related to Linux filesystem performance.
Check frequency defaults to 180 days & can cause a significant delay in booting... this is unacceptable on a production server. Consider a staggered timing when using multiple partitions.
tune2fs -i 0 /dev/hdxx
tune2fs -i 0 -c 0 /dev/hdxx
So tune2fs -i 0 -c 0 /dev/sdi1
Mount options (fstab)
In general, noatime is a nice easy way to gain performance. ext2 beats ext3 hands down where non-critical data is involved (and you're backing it up anyway right?).
Change last two colums to 0 0 in fstab for all non-critical data mounts, which were 1 1
Client side (mount options)
- Specify nfs4 as the fstype (*BSD only)
- For blocksize use rsize=8192,wsize=8192 ... the defaults of 1024 are not optimal.
- Using rsize=32768,wsize=32768 might even be better
- For caching, set actimeo=60 or even higher, to force longer cache times on the client (perhaps at the cost of potential data integrity issues?)
- Use hard,intr option if you don't like having to reboot your box after NFS hangs and other unexpected issues
- These options should help avoid processes falling into state D Uninterruptible sleep (usually IO) which usually forces a reboot
- Use tcp to mount the NFS filesystem using the TCP protocol.
- This is usually the default on newer systems.
- Using NFS over UDP on high-speed links such as Gigabit can cause silent data corruption, but see the man page if it's a must.
- use the noatime mount option
- When possible (but with caution) use async instead of the default sync
These are good values for /etc/sysconfig/nfs (on SLES, RHEL, Fedora & CentOS)